Last Updated on September 16, 2022
The U.S. Constitution allows us to choose a president for a term that lasts four years. Presidential elections are held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November in years divisible by four. Electors are elected by state voters and the party that wins the popular vote in that state gets the elector votes of that state. This is the system that has given us the president we have today. But what about our faithless electors?
Most States have a winner-take-all system, but Nebraska has a variant of proportional representation. After Election Day, electors gather in their state capitals and vote to choose the next president. They can vote for a different candidate than the one they pledged to support – this is known as the “faithless elector” phenomenon. In most cases, the candidate who wins the most popular votes will be declared the winner of the Electoral College. However, Maine and Nebraska are exceptions to this rule.
In some states, the Electoral College actually elects the president. In Maine and Nebraska, the winning Presidential candidate’s slate of potential electors is appointed as state electors. Under these systems, the winner of the election receives two electors, and the winner of each congressional district wins one elector. These states allow electors to vote more than once for the same president, which creates some problems.
In the United States, the Electoral College actually elects the president and vice president. In presidential election years, 538 members meet in the state capitals to cast their votes for the president and vice president. In addition, the number of electors is equal to the number of representatives in the House. The majority of states select electors by popular vote, but each state has its own electoral rules. The Electoral College is a system that requires careful deliberation.
In the case of a contested Electoral College, contingent elections may be necessary. In those cases, no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the election is shifted to the House of Representatives. At the House, each state delegation votes for the top three candidates. Historically, two Presidential elections have been decided in the House of Representatives: in 1800 and in 1824. In 1876, South Carolina and Florida submitted certificate of election for both candidates, which prompted a bipartisan commission to review the ballots. The vice president then declared the winner of the election.
Despite the widespread belief that the Electoral College actually elects the president, many states do not have a constitutional right to elect presidents. Florida, for example, acted aggressively by threatening to overturn the results of the popular contest and appointing Electors for its preferred candidate. This case ultimately appeared to endorse the power of the Florida legislature. In Bush v. Gore(2000), the majority of the court rejected the constitutional right of individual citizens to vote in the presidential elections. Furthermore, the majority of the court stated that states have no federal right to decide who should be President.
House of Representatives
The US House of Representatives is the largest of the two houses of Congress. The number of Representatives is determined by the population of each state, with a limit of 435 representatives. In addition, the House also elects the prime minister, who is the executive branch’s chief executive. The House also originates revenue and spending bills, which may then be amended by the Senate. This is why many Americans view their House of Representatives as the supreme legislative body.
In most years, the president is elected by the U.S. Congress from among the top three candidates. However, the Senate elects the vice president. Each senator casts one vote for each candidate. This process has been in place since the American Revolution. In 2016, the president-elect received the most electoral votes of any president in history, and the vice president received the second-highest number. However, the Electoral College also plays an important role in our democracy.
The electoral college’s system is often viewed as undemocratic, because each state has only three votes, and some states are only entitled to one vote. The House of Representatives’ system is even more far removed from the equality-of-population principle. For example, one representative from the least populous state has 54 times more weight than the representative of the largest state. If these factors are considered, the House of Representatives actually elects the president.
The Electoral College is an essential part of our democracy. In case of an election, the House of Representatives elects the president. The President of the United States is chosen by the people in each state. If a candidate is not able to receive a majority of electoral votes, he or she will be declared the winner by the House of Representatives. That is how the Electoral College works.
Every four years, Congress holds a Joint Session. During this session, the Electoral College vote is tallied. The Vice President presides over this process. After counting each state’s votes, the Vice President announces the results. In most states, the winner of the state gets all of the Electoral College votes, with the exception of Maine and Nebraska. This happens a lot.
The process of electing a new president involves a number of important steps. First, the votes of the electors are sent to Congress for official counting. The results are announced on January 6, which is a Sunday. The Senate then declares the winner. The next step is sworning in the president-elect. On January 20th of the year following the general election, the new president takes the oath of office.
The election process is not a straightforward one. The President is elected by the people through the Electoral College. Each state elects two senators who will then vote for the president-elect. The election results are then declared by the Senate, and the president is sworn in by the senators. The Electoral College members meet about six weeks after the presidential election to elect the President and Vice-President.
The election process is similar to the one in the UK, in which the winning candidate wins a district. The House is controlled by the party with the most seats. In the ideal situation, a president would be able to win with a majority of the votes cast. However, in reality, the Electoral College does not guarantee this scenario. Two candidates could split the total number of electoral votes evenly. Or, three or more candidates could win the election, giving the President a majority, but no majority.
If the Electoral College fails to produce a majority, the next president is chosen by the House of Representatives. Earlier, elections were decided by the House of Representatives. Thomas Jefferson was elected by the House of Representatives in 1800. John Quincy Adams was elected by the House of Representatives in 1824. If the House of Representatives fails to elect a president, the Senate chooses the vice president.
In addition to the Electoral College, the Senate is also involved in electing the president. The founders created the Senate to be separate from the other branches of government. As a result, the House of Representatives is further removed from the equality of population principle. Its single member from the least populous state is given 54 times more weight than the representative from the largest state. While some people might find it undemocratic, it is necessary for a functioning federal government.
In some states, such as Pennsylvania, faithless electors are punished by fines, and some even face criminal penalties. In New Mexico, violating the pledge is a fourth-degree felony. In South Carolina, violating the pledge carries a fine of $1,000 or 500 dollars. In other states, violating the pledge can result in removal from office. And in New Mexico, violating the pledge can result in an elector being declared a resigned.
The Supreme Court has ruled on the “faithless electors” case, which challenged the validity of the Electoral College vote. This case pitted the electors against the states and the supporters of changing the system in the hope of nationwide popular vote. It is now unclear whether the faithless electors actually elect the president. In the meantime, the case will likely continue to divide the country.
While faithless electors are rare, the recent presidential election has brought attention to deviant voting among electors. In close races, such as those between Biden and Trump, faithless electors could swing the election in favor of the opposite candidate. If that happens, the House of Representatives should replace state-certified electors with faithless electors to ensure the integrity of the electoral process.
In the 2016 presidential election, two Texas electors chose non-candidates and third-party candidates. The three electors who chose not to vote for Trump were never counted by Congress. The remaining 42 electors chose Independent-Democrat Thomas Hendricks. The remaining eighteen electors voted for Greeley’s running mate, B. Gratz Brown. Moreover, two electors voted for Washington Democrat Colin Powell.
The election in 2020 could change if the electors are not faithful in voting. In a polarized electorate and a controversial president, faithless electors could change the outcome of the election. The U.S. is divided into 538 congressional districts, with each state guaranteed two seats in the Senate and one in the House. But the president is only elected if more than two-thirds of these electors vote for a candidate.
About The Author
Alison Sowle is the typical tv guru. With a social media evangelist background, she knows how to get her message out there. However, she's also an introvert at heart and loves nothing more than writing for hours on end. She's a passionate creator who takes great joy in learning about new cultures - especially when it comes to beer!